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Study Examines Cancer’s Effects on Young Women’s Employment and Finances
Cancer and its treatment can impact an individual’s ability to work, and employment disruptions can lead to financial hardships. A new study indicates that women who were diagnosed with cancer as adolescents or young adults can be especially vulnerable to these effects. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society (ACS).
For the study, Clare Meernik, MPH, of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and her colleagues surveyed 1,328 young women in North Carolina and California who were diagnosed with cancer between the ages of 15 to 39 years and were employed at the time of their cancer diagnosis. Surveys were conducted a median of seven years after diagnosis, and questions in the survey assessed the impact of one’s cancer diagnosis and treatment in relation to a broad range of survivorship topics.
Survey results rev
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Exercise Before Menopause is Important to Optimize Health in Later Years
The small blood vessels in muscles of women after menopause are less able to grow compared to young women, according to new research published today in The Journal of Physiology. This means exercising before menopause is all the more important for women in order to develop blood vessels in muscles, and thus the ability to develop muscle strength.
Recent studies have shown that there are some substantial differences in the way the blood vessels, which influences susceptibility to conditions like heart disease and stroke, are affected by aging and physical activity between women and men, a difference which to a large extent is related to the female sex-hormone, estrogen.
Estrogen is protective of the heart and blood vessels in women for about half of their lives, but, at menopause, there is an abrupt permanent loss of estrogen, leading to a decline in the health of our blood vessels
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HPV Vaccine Effective Against Cervical Cancer
Women vaccinated against HPV have a significantly lower risk of developing cervical cancer, and the positive effect is most pronounced for women vaccinated at a young age. That is according to a large study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in New England Journal of Medicine.
“This is the first time that we, on a population level, are able to show that HPV vaccination is protective not only against cellular changes that can be precursors to cervical cancer but also against actual invasive cervical cancer,” says Jiayao Lei, researcher at the Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at Karolinska Institutet and the study’s corresponding author. “It is something we have long suspected but that we are now able to show in a large national study linking HPV vaccination and development of cervical cancer at the individual level.”
HPV (human papillomavirus
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Science Must Drive Clinical Practice, Public Health Policy
The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) has released a position statement calling for all healthcare decision-making to be anchored in the best scientific evidence available. The statement, "Science Must Drive Clinical Practice and Public Health Policy," reinforces nursing professionals' commitment to following the best evidence possible to provide care for patients and families.
"It is vital for our work to be guided by evidence," said AACN President Elizabeth Bridges, PhD, RN, CCNS, FCCM, FAAN. She is professor, Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems at the University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle, and clinical nurse researcher at the University of Washington Medical Center. "We must also be willing to innovate, yet thoughtfully and efficiently test changes to find the safest and most effective approaches to patient care and health policy."
The AACN posit