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NIH Begins Clinical Trial Evaluating Second Covid-19 Booster Shots In Adults
A Phase 2 clinical trial evaluating various additional COVID-19 booster shots has begun enrolling adult participants in the United States. The trial aims to understand if different vaccine regimens—prototype and variant vaccines alone and in combinations—can broaden immune responses in adults who already have received a primary vaccination series and a first booster shot. The study, known as the COVID-19 Variant Immunologic Landscape (COVAIL) trial, is sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health.
“We are looking beyond the Omicron variant to determine the best strategy to protect against future variants,” said NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. “This trial will help us understand if we can use prototype and variant vaccines alone or together to shift immune responses to cover existing and emerging COVID-19
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ASHA Marks Better Hearing and Speech Month With New PSA Campaign That Encourages the Public To Seek Care From Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists
A new national broadcast public service announcement (PSA) campaign launched today by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) showcases the life-altering treatment outcomes made possible with care from audiologists and speech-language pathologists.
The bilingual television and radio PSAs feature the stories of real professionals and people they have treated across the lifespan. Their release coincides with national Better Hearing and Speech Month (BHSM), celebrated each May, along with new polling results documenting a high incidence of concern among Americans about communication and swallowing disorders.
The national polling, commissioned by ASHA and completed by YouGov in March 2022, shows a strong need for public education about treatment services for these disorders. Results of nearly 3,000 American adults ages 18 and older revealed that more than 6 in 10 people (65
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Periods Start Earlier for Young Girls. How to Prepare Them?
During the pandemic, the number of young girls entering puberty has doubled in some countries—from 140 cases in 2019 to 328 in 2020. Given that girls are already reaching puberty five years earlier than at the beginning of the 20th century, early maturity and menstruation might prove challenging to both girls and their parents or custodians if they fail to prepare their young children about the upcoming changes.
Why do periods start earlier?
In the last couple of years early puberty has been linked to the change in lifestyle during lockdowns: an increased use of electronic devices, higher amounts of foods rich in fat and sugar, higher levels of stress, and reduced physical activity. Even before the pandemic, some girls started to mature as early as 10 years old, and the age of menstruation dropped from 16 or 17 a hundred years ago to the current 13.
However, Vilmante Markeviciene, fou
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Gastrointestinal Issues Linked With Anxiety, Social Withdrawal For Kids With Autism
Children with autism spectrum disorder tend to experience gastrointestinal issues, such as constipation and stomach pain, at a higher rate than their neurotypical peers. Some also experience other internalizing symptoms at the same time, including stress, anxiety, depression and social withdrawal. Until now, no studies have examined the causal relationship between gastrointestinal symptoms and internalizing symptoms.
A new study at the University of Missouri found a "bi-directional" relationship between gastrointestinal issues and internalized symptoms in children and adolescents with autism -- meaning the symptoms seem to be impacting each other simultaneously. The findings could influence future precision medicine research aimed at developing personalized treatments to ease pain for individuals with autism experiencing gastrointestinal issues.
“Research has shown gastrointestinal iss