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Autism Study Tracks Musical Rhythm As Possible Treatment
Researchers from the Vanderbilt Bill Wilkerson Center and the Marcus Autism Center at Emory University School of Medicine are partnering to study musical rhythm synchronization as a part of social development and how it’s disrupted in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in hopes of developing music interventions for improving social communication.
The study is part of the Sound Health Initiative, a series of research projects aimed at advancing understanding of music’s mechanism in the brain and how it may be applied more broadly to treat symptoms of disorders. The initiative is a partnership between the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, in association with the National Endowment for the Arts.
Using eye tracking technology, the project will examine how toddlers with ASD and typically developing children focus their visu
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How The Brain Detects The Rhythms Of Speech
Neuroscientists at UC San Francisco have discovered how the listening brain scans speech to break it down into syllables. The findings provide for the first time a neural basis for the fundamental atoms of language and insights into our perception of the rhythmic poetry of speech.
For decades, speech neuroscientists have looked for evidence that neurons in auditory brain areas use fluctuations in speech volume to identify the beginnings and ends of syllables -- like a lin-guis-tics pro-fes-sor di-a-gram-ming a sen-tence. So far, these efforts have met with little luck.
In the new study, published November 20, 2019 in Science Advances, UCSF scientists discovered that the brain instead responds to a marker of vocal stress in the middle of each syllable -- more like a poet scanning the sonnets of Shakespeare (Shàll Í còmpáre thèe tó à súmmèrs dáy?). The researchers showed that this signal
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Musicians At Serious Risk Of Tinnitus, Researchers Show
The research team found that health and lifestyle factors had relatively little impact on Tinnitus and hearing difficulties. Noise exposure was by far the biggest risk.
The findings confirm what industry insiders have long been saying about the impact their workplace has on their hearing.
Joe Hastings, Head of Health and Welfare at Help Musicians said: "We welcome this research undertaken by Dr Couth's department which supports our insights into the risks posed to musicians' hearing arising from prolonged exposure to noise.
"We are currently working in partnership with British Tinnitus Association to investigate the potentially devastating impact of tinnitus in musicians."
Help Musicians have developed the hugely successful Musicians Hearing Health Scheme which has already provided preventative support to thousands of musicians since 2016.
Source:UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER
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Hear This: Healthful Diet Tied To Lower Risk Of Hearing Loss
Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital have found that eating a healthy diet may reduce the risk of acquired hearing loss. Using longitudinal data collected in the Nurses' Health Study II Conservation of Hearing Study (CHEARS), researchers examined three-year changes in hearing sensitivities and found that women whose eating patterns more closely adhered to commonly recommended healthful dietary patterns, such as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, the Alternate Mediterranean (AMED) diet, and the Alternate Healthy Index-2010 (AHEI-2010), had substantially lower risk of decline in hearing sensitivity. The team's findings are published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.
"A common perception is that hearing loss is an inevitable part of the aging process.
However, our research focuses on identifying potentially modifiable risk factors -- that is, thing