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Preventing HIV Among Youth, Transgender People
Young people may feel they are invulnerable, but they are not immune to a host of injuries or infections, including HIV. According to the most recent statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 22% of new HIV diagnoses in the United States in 2014 occurred among young people ages 13 to 24, 80% of whom were gay and bisexual males.
HIV prevalence rates among transgender women also is high. Though information remains incomplete for this population, a 2013 study cited by the CDC estimates that 22% of transgender women in five high-income countries, including the US, are infected with HIV. Other research finds that black/African American transgender women are more likely to test positive for HIV compared with other races and ethnicities.
Dr. Jeffrey Klausner, a professor of medicine in the division of infectious diseases at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and
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More Than Recess: How Playing On The Swings Helps Kids Learn To Cooperate
A favorite childhood pastime -- swinging on the playground swing set -- also may be teaching kids how to get along.
The measured, synchronous movement of children on the swings can encourage preschoolers to cooperate on subsequent activities, University of Washington researchers have found.
A study by the UW's Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences (I-LABS) shows the potential of synchronized movement in helping young children develop collaborative skills. The study is published online in the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology.
"Synchrony enhances cooperation, because your attention is directed at engaging with another person, at the same time," explained Tal-Chen Rabinowitch, a postdoctoral researcher at I-LABS. "We think that being 'in time' together enhances social interaction in positive ways."
Previous studies, including others by Rabinowitch, have linked music and being
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The Difficult Choices: Managing Chronic Pain While Avoiding Opioid Abuse
Rather than being considered a miracle pill that magically takes away pain, prescription opioids are increasingly being seen as a precursor to heroin addiction and the cause of potentially deadly overdoses themselves. However, select patients do still benefit from the use of opioids in the management of chronic pain. The trick, for any prescriber, is to identify those patients who are appropriate for opioid management and to provide that therapy safely.
The first step, says Christopher J. Burnett, MD, an assistant professor of anesthesiology at the Texas A&M College of Medicine and director of the Baylor Scott & White Health's Temple Pain Clinic, is to follow the guidelines the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released last year. "The CDC guidelines, which outline when to prescribe these drugs and provide guidance for how to do so safely, are a good startin
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Could Yellow Fever Rise Again?
Many people might not have heard of the Aedes aegypti mosquito until this past year, when the mosquito, and the disease it can carry – Zika – began to make headlines. But more than 220 years ago, this same breed of mosquito was spreading a different and deadly epidemic right here in Philadelphia and just like Zika, this epidemic is seeing a modern resurgence, with Brazil at its epicenter.
It was August of 1793 and Philadelphia – the nation’s capital and the busiest port in the United States – was experiencing a remarkably hot and dry summer. Water levels in streams and wells were low, creating an excellent breeding ground for mosquitos, which seemed to overtake the city. Along with the mosquitos also came an influx of thousands of refugees from the Caribbean seeking to escape political turmoil. But the refugees also brought something else: yellow fever.
The conditions in Philadelp