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Kids With ADHD Must Squirm To Learn, Study Says

For decades, frustrated parents and teachers have barked at fidgety children with ADHD to “Sit still and concentrate!”

But new research conducted at UCF shows that if you want ADHD kids to learn, you have to let them squirm. The foot-tapping, leg-swinging and chair-scooting movements of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are actually vital to how they remember information and work out complex cognitive tasks, according to a study published in an early online release of the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.

The findings show the longtime prevailing methods for helping children with ADHD may be misguided.

Should They Stay Or Should They Go? Study Finds No Harm From Hospital Policies That Let Families Observe CPR

When a hospital patient’s heart stops, the drama starts, as doctors and nurses work furiously at resuscitation. And at many hospitals, that’s the cue for someone to pull a curtain and hurry the patient’s loved ones out of the room.

But some hospitals allow those family members to stay, and watch the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and other attempts to save the patient’s life that the medical team makes.

Now, a study has shown for the first time on a national scale that patients do just as well after a cardiac arrest at those hospitals, compared with ones that don’t allow families to stay during resuscitation.

Falsified Medicines Taint Global Supply

When you take a medication for, say, high cholesterol, do you know that pill is really what the label says it is? Depending upon the type of medicine and where you live, the threat of falsified medications (also referred to as counterfeit, fraudulent, and substandard) can be quite real, yet the full scope and prevalence of the problem is poorly understood, say researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine in a new report published in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Is There Such A Thing As ‘Pure’ Autism? Genetic Analysis Says No

The search for genes that contribute to the risk for autism has made tremendous strides over the past 3 years. As this field has advanced, investigators have wondered whether the diversity of clinical features across patients with autism reflects heterogeneous sources of genetic risk.

If so, it was reasoned, then selecting a group of patients with very similar clinical features might result in a “purer,” i.e., more genetically homogenous, group of patients, making it easier to find autism-related genes.

Results from a new study published in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry now cast the validity of this view into doubt.

Inducing Labor At Full Term Not Associated With Higher C-Section Rates

As cesarean section rates continue to climb in the United States, researchers are looking to understand the factors that might contribute. There has been debate in the field about whether non-medically required induction of labor leads to a greater likelihood of C-section, with some studies showing an association and others demonstrating that inductions at full term can actually protect both the mothers and babies. In order to tease apart the evidence, a new analysis pooled the results from five randomized controlled trials including 844 women, and found no link between induction and rates of C section in uncomplicated pregnancies of singleton babies at full term. The results were published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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