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Archive for the ‘Respiratory’ Category

Fungus Deadly To AIDS Patients Found To Grow On Trees

This false-color electron microscope image catches the fungus Cryptococcus gattii in the act of producing its infectious spores. The club-shaped blue structure is a reproductive organ called the basidium, which projects off the fungus body like an apple off a tree. The spores are colored yellow, and are like seeds that can give rise to a new organism.
Source: Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Duke University

Researchers have pinpointed the environmental source of fungal infections that have been sickening HIV/AIDS patients in Southern California for decades. It literally grows on trees. The discovery is based on the science project of a 13-year-old girl, who spent the summer gathering soil and tree samples from areas around Los Angeles hardest hit by infections [...]

New Gluten-Free Ingredient May Cause Allergic Reaction

Consumers with peanut allergies need to watch for lupin on the labels of gluten free foods. Lupins are legumes.
Source: US Food and Drug Administration

A popular new ingredient in gluten-free products could be causing an allergic reaction, according to a Kansas State University food safety specialist. Lupin, a legume belonging to the same plant family as peanuts, is showing up as a wheat replacement in an increasing number of gluten-free products. The US Food and Drug Administration is now [...]

A Breath Reveals A Hidden Image In Anti-Counterfeit Labels

Terry Shyu, MSE PhD Student, demonstrates use of nanopillars that reveal hidden images via condensation of fluid on the structures. Source: Joseph Xu

An outline of Marilyn Monroe’s iconic face appeared on the clear, plastic film when a researcher fogs it with her breath. Terry Shyu, a doctoral student in chemical engineering at the University of Michigan, was demonstrating a new high-tech label for fighting drug counterfeiting. While the researchers don’t envision movie stars on medicine bottles, but [...]

Treatment Developed By Biologists Shows Promise In Fighting Fibrotic Disease

Gomer and Pilling were honored as the 2011 Texas Inventors of the Year in recognition of their pioneering work that has resulted in several fibrosing disease-related patents.
Source: Image courtesy of Texas A&M University

A decade after first identifying serum amyloid P (SAP) as a key protein in human blood that controls routine tissue-related processes from scarring to healing, two Texas A&M University scientists and the biotechnology company they co-founded continue to make encouraging progress in the fight against fibrotic disease, a broad class of chronic conditions associated with [...]

Wearable Tech For Disease Monitoring

These nanoelectronic graphene vapor sensors can be completely embedded in a microgas chromatography system, which is the gold standard for vapor analysis, the researchers say. The entire microgas chromatography system can be integrated on a single chip with low power operation, and embedded in a badge-sized device that can be worn on the body to provide noninvasive and continuous monitoring of specific health conditions. Source: University of Michigan

A new wearable vapor sensor being developed at the University of Michigan could one day offer continuous disease monitoring for patients with diabetes, high blood pressure, anemia or lung disease. Wearable technologies, which include Google Glass and the Apple iWatch, are part of a booming market that’s expected to swell to $14 billion in the [...]